Rich in geographical and cultural diversity, America is a land infused by worldwide influences, blending together to take on a unique character of its own. The U.S. is a country of 50 states covering a vast swath of North America, with Alaska in the northwest and Hawaii extending the nation’s presence into the Pacific Ocean. Major Atlantic Coast cities are New York, a global finance and culture center, and capital Washington, DC.
From the concrete canyons of its major cities to the natural canyons of its national parks, with a panorama of glorious forests, enticing beaches and small towns, the USA is the premier destination for captivating the “travel experience” of a lifetime.
There is a wide range of tourist attractions in the United States such as historical buildings and landmarks, museums, galleries, amusement parks, festivals, outdoor recreation, spas, sports, restaurants, gambling and golf courses.
The United States of America is the world’s third largest country in size and nearly the third largest in terms of population. The U.S. borders both the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans and is bordered by Canada and Mexico. It is the third-largest country in the world by area and has a varied topography. The eastern regions consist of hills and low mountains, while the central interior is a vast plain (called the Great Plains region).
Being a huge country, the contiguous United States is home to a wide variety of climates. Overall, the USA climate is temperate however there are some notable exceptions when considering the cold, Arctic conditions of Alaska and the tropical climate of South Florida and Hawaii. The U.S. is typically grouped into five different regions: the Northeast, the Southwest, the West, the Southeast and the Midwest. USA climate varies dramatically by region.
Measurements and Voltage
Voltage: wherever you stay, don’t forget to pack an AC and plug adapter – the U.S. uses 110 to 120 volts and electrical plugs with two flat parallel blades.
The U.S. measurement system is based on the English system of measurement and is referred to as U.S. Customary Units. The metric system is used in some specific fields of work, including the medical field, but U.S. Customary Units remain the standard for most Americans.
Length in the U.S. is based on four customary measurements: inch, foot, yard and mile. Americans generally measure rooms and buildings in square feet, carpets in square yards and territory in square miles.
1 inch = 25.4 mm
1 foot = 12 inches = 0.304 m
1 yard = 3 feet = 0.914 m
1 mile = 5,280 feet = 1.609 km
Liquid measure in the U.S. is generally based on number of fluid ounces. Beverages are usually measured in fluid ounces with single servings ranging between 8 and 16 ounces. Milk is usually sold in cups or half pints, pints, quarts and gallons. Water volume for bathtubs, ponds, swimming pools, etc., is usually described in gallons.
1 fluid ounce (oz) = 29.573 mL
1 liquid pint = 16 fl oz = 473.176 mL
1 liquid quart = 2 pt = 32 fl oz = 946.352 mL
1 gallon = 4 qt = 128 fl oz = 3.785 L
Weight in the U.S. is measured most commonly in ounces and pounds. Produce and other fresh foods, such as meat are usually sold by pounds.
1 ounce (oz) = 28.349 g
1 pound = 16 oz = 453.584 g